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Senin, 24 Juni 2013

Report State Indonesia : UNHCR 2013 Trafficking in Persons Report - Indonesia

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1) 2013 Trafficking in Persons Report - Indonesia

United States Department of State, 2013 Trafficking in Persons Report - Indonesia, 19 June 2013, available at: [accessed 24 June 2013] 


Indonesia is a major source country and to a much lesser extent a destination and transit country for women, children, and men who are subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Each of Indonesia's 33 provinces is a source and destination of trafficking, with the most significant source areas being the provinces of West Java, Central Java, East Java, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, and Banten. A significant number of Indonesian migrant workers face conditions of forced labor and debt bondage in Asia and the Middle East, particularly Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Taiwan, Singapore, Oman, and Hong Kong. The government estimates that there are six million Indonesians working abroad. Government officials reported there was an overall reduction in the number of workers mistreated or found vulnerable to trafficking as a result of targeted policies, such as a moratorium on permits to work abroad for domestic workers to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Syria, and Jordan. Malaysia and Saudi Arabia remain the leading destinations for newly departing migrant workers registered with the Indonesian government. Some 70 percent of all overseas Indonesian workers are female. Indonesian trafficking victims are found in all of the Gulf countries, Malaysia, Brunei, Taiwan, Chile, New Zealand, the Philippines, Egypt, and the United States, among others.

The government and NGOs reported an increase in university and high school students using social media to recruit and offer other students, including those under the age of 18, for commercial sex. Women and girls are trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation at mining operations in Maluku, Papua, and Jambi Provinces. There were reports of an increasing number of children exploited in prostitution in Batam district of the Riau Islands province and children from North Sulawesi province being exploited in prostitution in West Papua province. Some women from Uzbekistan and Colombia are subjected to forced prostitution in Indonesia.

2) Development in Indonesia must not threaten adequate housing for the poor – UN expert

UN News Service, Development in Indonesia must not threaten adequate housing for the poor – UN expert, 11 June 2013, available at: [accessed 24 June 2013]  

Indonesia must ensure that urban and economic development do not put at risk adequate housing for poor citizens, a United Nations independent expert stressed today, adding that the Government must strive for inclusive progress.

"I am concerned that in some cases development is having a retrogressive impact on the right to adequate housing," said the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing, Raquel Rolnik, referring to reports of evictions in rural and urban areas to make way for new public and private developments.

Ms. Rolnik underlined that evictions are a gross violation of international human rights law. "I call on the Government to ensure that legislation regulating evictions is in line with Indonesia's international human rights obligations and is duly enforced on State agencies and third parties," she said at the end of her first visit to the country.
"More can and must be done to prioritize the poorest and most marginalized segments of society in Government housing policies and programmes."

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